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multiplicity -- Compute the Hilbert-Samuel multiplicity of an ideal



Given an ideal $I\subset{} R$, ``multiplicity I'' returns the degree of the normal cone of $I$. When $R/I$ has finite length this is the sum of the Samuel multiplicities of $I$ at the various localizations of $R$. When $I$ is generated by a complete intersection, this is the length of the ring $R/I$ but in general it is greater. For example,

i1 : R=ZZ/101[x,y]

o1 = R

o1 : PolynomialRing
i2 : I = ideal(x^3, x^2*y, y^3)

             3   2    3
o2 = ideal (x , x y, y )

o2 : Ideal of R
i3 : multiplicity I

o3 = 9
i4 : degree I

o4 = 7


The normal cone is computed using the Rees algebra, thus may be slow.

Ways to use multiplicity :

For the programmer

The object multiplicity is a method function with options.