Description
Synopsis

 Usage:
for i from m to n when p list x do z

Inputs:

Outputs:

the list of values of the clause x, as described above

Consequences:

The numbers m and n must be small integers that fit into a single word. The variable i is initialized to m. As long as i is not greater than n, evaluation of the loop continues. First p is evaluated; as long as the value of p is true, evaluation of the loop continues. Next x is evaluated and its value is saved, and z is evaluated and its value is discarded. Then i is incremented by 1, and the loop repeats. When the value of p is false, then the loop terminates, and the list of values of x is returned as the value of the entire expression.
Synopsis

 Usage:
for i in v when p list x do z

Inputs:

Consequences:

The variable i is set to consecutive values of the list v. First p is evaluated. As long as the value of p is true, evaluation of the loop continues. Next x is evaluated, and its value is saved. Then z is evaluated and its value is discarded. Then the loop repeats with the next element of v. When the value of p is false, then the loop terminates, and the list of values of x is returned as the value of the entire expression.
examples
i1 : for i from 1 to 5 when i < 15 list i^2 do print i
1
2
3
4
5
o1 = {1, 4, 9, 16, 25}
o1 : List

i2 : for i from 1 to 5 when i^2 < 15 list i^2 do print i
1
2
3
o2 = {1, 4, 9}
o2 : List

The expressions in this construction may be arbitrarily complicated. Here is an example where z is a sequence of expressions separated by semicolons (see ;).
i3 : for i from 1 to 3 do (
print "The value of i is : ";
print i
)
The value of i is :
1
The value of i is :
2
The value of i is :
3

The do z clause may be omitted.
i4 :
for i from 1 to 5 when i < 15 list i^2
o4 = {1, 4, 9, 16, 25}
o4 : List

The from m clause may be omitted, in which case i starts with 0.
i5 : for i to 5 when i < 15 list i^2
o5 = {0, 1, 4, 9, 16, 25}
o5 : List

The when p clause may be omitted.
i6 : for i to 5 list i^2
o6 = {0, 1, 4, 9, 16, 25}
o6 : List

The to n clause may be omitted.
i7 : for i when i < 15 list i^2
o7 = {0, 1, 4, 9, 16, 25, 36, 49, 64, 81, 100, 121, 144, 169, 196}
o7 : List

The list x clause may be omitted.
i8 : for i when i^2 < 15 do print i
0
1
2
3

If continue is executed by x then execution of x is interrupted, no value is added to the list, and iteration of the loop continues.
i9 : for i from 0 when i < 10 list (if odd i then continue; i^2)
o9 = {0, 4, 16, 36, 64}
o9 : List

If continue w is executed by x then execution of x is interrupted, the value of w is added to the list, and iteration of the loop continues.
i10 : for i from 0 when i < 10 list (if odd i then continue 4567; i^2)
o10 = {0, 4567, 4, 4567, 16, 4567, 36, 4567, 64, 4567}
o10 : List

If break v is executed by x, then the loop is stopped and v is returned as its value.
i11 : for i from 0 when i < 10 list (if i== 5 then break i; i^2)
o11 = 5

If break is executed by x, then the loop is stopped and the list accumulated so far is returned as the value.
i12 : for i from 0 when i < 10 list (if i== 5 then break; i^2)
o12 = {0, 1, 4, 9, 16}
o12 : List

i13 : for i in 0..3 list i^2
o13 = {0, 1, 4, 9}
o13 : List

If v is an instance of any class with the iterator method installed (e.g., a string), then the values of i are obtained by repeatedly calling next on the output of iterator v until StopIteration is returned.
i14 : for i in "foo" do print i
f
o
o
