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internalProduct -- Internal product of symmetric functions/class functions


This method computes the internal (Kronecker) product of two homogeneous symmetric functions of the same degree. If we think of these functions as being virtual characters of some symmetric group, then their internal product is just the character of the tensor product of the corresponding virtual representations. We use the binary operator ** as a shorthand for internalProduct.

The complete symmetric function of degree n corresponds to the trivial S_n-representation and is therefore the unit of the representation ring of S_n:

i1 : R = symmetricRing(QQ,5);
i2 : S = schurRing(QQ,s,3);
i3 : internalProduct(h_3,s_{2,1})

o3 = s

o3 : S
i4 : toE(h_3 ** e_3)

o4 = e

o4 : QQ[e ..e , p ..p , h ..h ]
         1   3   1   3   1   3

The square of the sign representation is the trivial representation:

i5 : R = symmetricRing(QQ,5);
i6 : toH internalProduct(e_3,e_3)

o6 = h

o6 : R

See also

Ways to use internalProduct :

For the programmer

The object internalProduct is a method function.